Vaccines save 2 to 3 million lives each year.

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Vaccines save 2 to 3 million lives each year. They are essential tools for protecting ourselves and our communities.

What are vaccines?
Vaccines are products that are usually given in childhood to protect against serious, often deadly diseases. By stimulating your body’s natural defenses, they prepare your body to fight the disease faster and more effectively.
How do vaccines work?
Vaccines help your immune system fight infections more efficiently by sparking your immune response to specific diseases. Then, if the virus or bacteria ever invades your body in the future, your immune system will already know how to fight it.

Are vaccines safe?
Vaccines are very safe. Your child is far more likely to be hurt by a vaccine-preventable disease than by a vaccine. All vaccines go through rigorous safety testing, including clinical trials, before they are approved for the public. Countries will only register and distribute vaccines that meet rigorous quality and safety standards.
What are live vaccines?
Live vaccines contain a version of a living virus or bacteria that has been attenuated (weakened). They teach the immune system to fight viruses and bacteria but because they are weakened, they do not cause disease in people with healthy immune systems.
Why are vaccines important?
Vaccines save lives – 2 to 3 million per year, in fact.
Vaccines will help protect your child against diseases that can cause serious harm or death, especially in people with developing immune systems like infants.
It’s important to vaccinate your child. If not, highly contagious diseases such as measles, diphtheria and polio, which were once wiped out in many countries, will come back.
Can my baby handle all of these vaccines?
Yes. Many parents worry that multiple vaccines will overload their child’s immune system. But children are exposed to hundreds of germs every day. In fact, a common cold or sore throat will put a greater burden on your child’s immune system than vaccines.

But these diseases are not present in my community. Why do I still need to vaccinate my child?
Although the diseases may be eliminated in your country or region, our increasingly interconnected world means that these diseases could spread from areas where they are still present.

What is herd immunity?
If enough people in your community are immunized against a certain disease, you can reach something called herd immunity. When this happens, diseases can’t spread easily from person to person because most people are immune. This provides a layer of protection against the disease even for those who cannot be vaccinated, such as infants.
Herd immunity also prevents outbreaks by making it difficult for the disease to spread. The disease will become more and more rare, sometimes even disappearing entirely from the community.

Can a vaccine cause my baby to get sick?
Vaccines are extremely safe and serious side effects are rare. Almost all sickness or discomfort after vaccination is minor and temporary, such as a soreness at the injection site or mild fever. These can often be controlled by taking over-the-counter pain medication as advised by a doctor, or applying a cold cloth to the injection site. If parents are concerned, they should contact their doctor or health care provider.
What diseases do vaccines prevent?
Vaccines protect your child against serious illnesses like polio, which can cause paralysis; measles, which can cause brain swelling and blindness; and tetanus, which can cause painful muscle contractions and difficulty eating and breathing, especially in newborns.
Can I delay the vaccine schedule?
One of the best ways you can protect your child is to follow the recommended vaccine schedule in your country. Any time you delay a vaccine, you’re increasing your child’s vulnerability to disease.
Can I let my child get the chickenpox instead of getting the vaccine?
Although chickenpox is a mild disease that many parents will remember from childhood (the vaccine was introduced in 1995), some children will develop serious cases with complications that can be fatal or cause permanent disabilities. The vaccine eliminates the risk of complications from the disease, and prevents children from infecting their siblings, friends and classmates.
What is the recommended vaccine schedule?
Immunization schedules vary by country depending on which diseases are most prevalent. You can find an overview of the recommended vaccines and approximate dates from your local health centre, doctor or your government’s Ministry of Health.



Symptoms & causes
Diagnosis & treatment

Heatstroke is a condition caused by your body overheating, usually as a result of prolonged exposure to or physical exertion in high temperatures. This most serious form of heat injury, heatstroke, can occur if your body temperature rises to 104 F (40 C) or higher. The condition is most common in the summer months.

Heatstroke requires emergency treatment. Untreated heatstroke can quickly damage your brain, heart, kidneys and muscles. The damage worsens the longer treatment is delayed, increasing your risk of serious complications or death.


Heatstroke signs and symptoms include:

High body temperature. A core body temperature of 104 F (40 C) or higher, obtained with a rectal thermometer, is the main sign of heatstroke.
Altered mental state or behavior. Confusion, agitation, slurred speech, irritability, delirium, seizures and coma can all result from heatstroke.
Alteration in sweating. In heatstroke brought on by hot weather, your skin will feel hot and dry to the touch. However, in heatstroke brought on by strenuous exercise, your skin may feel dry or slightly moist.
Nausea and vomiting. You may feel sick to your stomach or vomit.
Flushed skin. Your skin may turn red as your body temperature increases.
Rapid breathing. Your breathing may become rapid and shallow.
Racing heart rate. Your pulse may significantly increase because heat stress places a tremendous burden on your heart to help cool your body.
Headache. Your head may throb.

Take immediate action to cool the overheated person while waiting for emergency treatment.

Get the person into shade or indoors.
Remove excess clothing.
Cool the person with whatever means available — put in a cool tub of water or a cool shower, spray with a garden hose, sponge with cool water, fan while misting with cool water, or place ice packs or cold, wet towels on the person’s head, neck, armpits and groin.

Heatstroke can occur as a result of:

Exposure to a hot environment. In a type of heatstroke, called nonexertional (classic) heatstroke, being in a hot environment leads to a rise in core body temperature. This type of heatstroke typically occurs after exposure to hot, humid weather, especially for prolonged periods. It occurs most often in older adults and in people with chronic illness.
Strenuous activity. Exertional heatstroke is caused by an increase in core body temperature brought on by intense physical activity in hot weather. Anyone exercising or working in hot weather can get exertional heatstroke, but it’s most likely to occur if you’re not used to high temperatures.
In either type of heatstroke, your condition can be brought on by:

Wearing excess clothing that prevents sweat from evaporating easily and cooling your body
Drinking alcohol, which can affect your body’s ability to regulate your temperature
Becoming dehydrated by not drinking enough water to replenish fluids lost through sweating
Risk factors
Anyone can develop heatstroke, but several factors increase your risk:

Age. Your ability to cope with extreme heat depends on the strength of your central nervous system. In the very young, the central nervous system is not fully developed, and in adults over 65, the central nervous system begins to deteriorate, which makes your body less able to cope with changes in body temperature. Both age groups usually have difficulty remaining hydrated, which also increases risk.
Exertion in hot weather. Military training and participating in sports, such as football or long-distance running events, in hot weather are among the situations that can lead to heatstroke.
Sudden exposure to hot weather. You may be more susceptible to heat-related illness if you’re exposed to a sudden increase in temperature, such as during an early-summer heat wave or travel to a hotter climate.

Limit activity for at least several days to allow yourself to acclimate to the change. However, you may still have an increased risk of heatstroke until you’ve experienced several weeks of higher temperatures.

A lack of air conditioning. Fans may make you feel better, but during sustained hot weather, air conditioning is the most effective way to cool down and lower humidity.
Certain medications. Some medications affect your body’s ability to stay hydrated and respond to heat. Be especially careful in hot weather if you take medications that narrow your blood vessels (vasoconstrictors), regulate your blood pressure by blocking adrenaline (beta blockers), rid your body of sodium and water (diuretics), or reduce psychiatric symptoms (antidepressants or antipsychotics).

Stimulants for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and illegal stimulants such as amp

Heat Stroke: Symptoms and Treatment

Heat Stroke: Symptoms and Treatment


Heatstroke is the most serious form of heat injury and is considered a medical emergency. If you suspect that someone has heat stroke — also known as sunstroke — call 911 immediately and give first aid until paramedics arrive.

Heatstroke can kill or cause damage to the brain and other internal organs. Although heat stroke mainly affects people over age 50, it also takes a toll on healthy young athletes.

Heatstroke often occurs as a progression from milder heat-related illnesses such as heat cramps, heat syncope (fainting), and heat exhaustion. But it can strike even if you have no previous signs of heat injury.

Heatstroke results from prolonged exposure to high temperatures — usually in combination with dehydration — which leads to failure of the body’s temperature control system. The medical definition of heatstroke is a core body temperature greater than 104 degrees Fahrenheit, with complications involving the central nervous system that occur after exposure to high temperatures. Other common symptoms include nausea, seizures, confusion, disorientation, and sometimes loss of consciousness or coma.

Symptoms of Heat Stroke
The hallmark symptom of heatstroke is a core body temperature above 104 degrees Fahrenheit. But fainting may be the first sign.

Other symptoms may include:

Throbbing headache
Dizziness and light-headedness
Lack of sweating despite the heat
Red, hot, and dry skin
Muscle weakness or cramps
Nausea and vomiting
Rapid heartbeat, which may be either strong or weak
Rapid, shallow breathing
Behavioral changes such as confusion, disorientation, or staggering
First Aid for Heat Stroke
If you suspect that someone has a heat stroke, immediately call 911 or transport the person to a hospital. Any delay in seeking medical help can be fatal.

While waiting for the paramedics to arrive, initiate first aid. Move the person to an air-conditioned environment — or at least a cool, shady area — and remove any unnecessary clothing.

If possible, take the person’s core body temperature and initiate first aid to cool it to 101 to 102 degrees Fahrenheit. (If no thermometers are available, don’t hesitate to initiate first aid.)

Try these cooling strategies:

Fan air over the patient while wetting their skin with water from a sponge or garden hose.
Apply ice packs to the patient’s armpits, groin, neck, and back. Because these areas are rich with blood vessels close to the skin, cooling them may reduce body temperature.
Immerse the patient in a shower or tub of cool water.
If the person is young and healthy and suffered heatstroke while exercising vigorously — what’s known as exertional heat stroke — you can use an ice bath to help cool the body.
Do not use ice for older patients, young children, patients with chronic illness, or anyone whose heatstroke occurred without vigorous exercise. Doing so can be dangerous.

If emergency response is delayed, call the hospital emergency room for additional instructions.

Risk Factors for Heat Stroke
Heatstroke is most likely to affect older people who live in apartments or homes lacking air conditioning or good airflow. Other high-risk groups include people of any age who don’t drink enough water, have chronic diseases, or drink excessive amounts of alcohol.

Heatstroke is strongly related to the heat index, which is a measurement of how hot you feel when the effects of relative humidity and air temperature are combined. Relative humidity of 60% or more hampers sweat evaporation, which hinders your body’s ability to cool itself.

The risk of heat-related illness dramatically increases when the heat index climbs to 90 degrees or more. So it’s important — especially during heat waves — to pay attention to the reported heat index, and also to remember that exposure to full sunshine can increase the reported heat index by 15 degrees.

If you live in an urban area, you may be especially prone to develop heatstroke during a prolonged heatwave, particularly if there are stagnant atmospheric conditions and poor air quality. In what is known as the “heat island effect,” asphalt and concrete store heat during the day and only gradually release it at night, resulting in higher nighttime temperatures.

Other risk factors associated with the heat-related illness include:

Age. Infants and children up to age 4, and adults over age 65, are particularly vulnerable because they adjust to heat more slowly than other people.

Health conditions. These include heart, lung, or kidney disease, obesity or underweight, high blood pressure, diabetes, mental illness, sickle cell trait, alcoholism, sunburn, and any conditions that cause fever.


Hi Life – Support The Syrian Newborn Babies

English below
أطلقنا حملتنا الجديدة اليوم لنأمن سلة مستلزمات حديثي الولادة لـ 250 طفل رح يولدوا في المشافي المدعومة من IDA.
كل سلة رح يكون فيها ملابس، شامبو، مناديل … مستلزمات أخرى. وسلة تانية رح نقدمها بحسب توصيات الطبيب للمواليد الي بحاجة للحليب البديل.
34% من أطفال الشمال السوري مصابون بحالات التقزُّم، بسبب سوء التغذية، والإحصائيات بارتفاع نتيجة استمرار تدهور الأوضاع الاقتصادية والتي تنعكس على السكان.
بدعمكم 250 طفل رح نكون معهم من أول لحظة ولادتهم لنغير حياتهم للأفضل.
يمكنكم مشاركتنا الأجر عبر تبرعاتكم خلال الشهر الفضيل
رابط التبرع:…/support-the-syrian…/













To say Hi to 250 newborn babies!
We in Independent Doctors Association have launched a fundraising campaign to provide to 250 newborn babies in IDA hospital after-delivery kit, containing clothing and hygiene,
The second kit we are going to share with babies, in case of the pediatrician ordered to shift the baby to a Breast Milk substitute if needed.
34% of Northwest #Syria children have chronic malnutrition (stunting) as a reflection of the bad economical situation people of #Syria are suffering from,
By your DONATION, 250 babies we’ll be the focus on since the first minute to change their future

Everything you need to know about washing your hands to protect against coronavirus (COVID-19)

Washing your hands can protect you and your loved ones.



Respiratory viruses like coronavirus disease (COVID-19) spread when mucus or droplets containing the virus get into your body through your eyes, nose or throat. Often, the virus can easily spread from one person to the next via hands.

During a global pandemic, one of the cheapest, easiest, and most important ways to prevent the spread of a virus is to wash your hands frequently with soap and water.

Here’s everything you need to know about how to wash your hands the right way:

1. How do I wash my hands properly?

To eliminate all traces of the virus on your hands, a quick scrub and a rinse won’t cut it. Below is a step-by-step process for effective handwashing.

  • Step 1: Wet hands with running water
  • Step 2: Apply enough soap to cover wet hands
  • Step 3: Scrub all surfaces of the hands – including back of hands, between fingers and under nails – for at least 20 seconds.
  • Step 4: Rinse thoroughly with running water
  • Step 5: Dry hands with a clean cloth or single-use towel

2. How long should I wash my hands for?

You should wash your hands for at least 20-30 seconds. An easy way to time it is by singing the full happy birthday song, twice.

The same goes for hand sanitizer: use a sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol and rub it into your hands for at least 20 seconds to ensure full coverage.

3. When should I wash my hands?

In the context of COVID-19 prevention, you should make sure to wash your hands at the following times:

  • After blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing
  • After visiting a public space, including public transportation, markets and places of worship
  • After touching surfaces outside of the home, including money
  • Before, during and after caring for a sick person
  • Before and after eating

In general, you should always wash your hands at the following times:

  • After using the toilet
  • Before and after eating
  • After handling garbage
  • After touching animals and pets
  • After changing babies’ diapers or helping children use the toilet
  • When your hands are visibly dirty

4. How can I help my child wash his or her hands?

Here are some ways you can help children wash their hands by making handwashing easier and fun for them:

5. Do I need to use warm water to wash my hands?

No, you can use any temperature of water to wash your hands. Cold water and warm water are equally effective at killing germs and viruses – as long as you use soap!

6. Do I need to dry my hands with a towel?

Germs spread more easily from wet skin than from dry skin, so drying your hands completely is an important step. Paper towels or clean cloths are the most effective way to remove germs without spreading them to other surfaces.

7. Which is better: washing your hands with soap and water or using hand sanitizer?

In general, both handwashing with soap and water and hand sanitizer, when practiced/used correctly, are highly effective at killing most germs and pathogens.

Soap kills the coronavirus by destroying the outer shell that protects it.

If your hands look dirty, you should wash them with soap and water. Hand sanitizer is less effective on visibly dirty hands. Hand sanitizer is often more convenient when you are outside of the home, but can be expensive or difficult to find in emergency contexts. Also, alcohol-based hand sanitizer kills the coronavirus, but it does not kill all kinds of bacteria and viruses, for example, the norovirus and rotavirus which cause diarrhea. It can also be toxic if swallowed and it should be stored out of reach of children and used only under adult supervision.

8. What if I don’t have soap?

In the absence of soap and running water, using hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol is the best second option. Using soapy water or ash may help remove bacteria, though not as effectively. If these methods are used, it is important to wash your hands as soon as possible when you do have access to handwashing facilities and avoid contact with people and surfaces in the meantime.

9. How else can I help stop the spread of the coronavirus?

  • Practice physical distancing: stay at least one meter (three feet) apart from others, air rooms frequently or leave the windows open, avoiding shaking hands, hugging or kissing people, sharing food, utensils, cups and towels
  • Wear a mask whenever you are unable to maintain physical distance, especially indoors
  • Stay home if you feel unwell and avoid close contact with anyone who has cold or flu-like symptoms; seek medical care early if you or your child has a fever, cough or difficulty breathing
  • Use proper sneezing and coughing etiquette: cover your mouth and nose with a flexed elbow or tissue when coughing or sneezing; dispose of used tissues immediately and wash your hands
  • Avoid touching your face (mouth, nose, eyes)
  • Clean surfaces that might have come in touch with the virus, and generally clean surfaces more frequently (especially in public spaces)

Ahed’s story

Ahed three years old girl, her family were displaced to North Aleppo, she was suffering from Esophageal stricture as doctors diagnosed when she was 9 months old, recently she complained of frequent nausea, vomiting, and weight loss, that make her family visit Dr. Martyr, Muhammad Wassim Maaz hospital,
Dr. Muhammad Haj Mustafa (Thoracic surgery specialist) decided to conduct a surgery to remove the narrowed part of the esophagus after the diagnosis he implemented,
This kind of surgery never been conducted in the liberated areas,
The surgery was conducted successfully. Ahed was under observation to ensure she has no after surgery complications,
Finally, she was discharged from the hospital in good health.

What if you were in their shoes?! What would I do?

More than a million displaced Syrian are trying hard to live where hundreds of random, remote camps located near to the Syrian- Turkish borders,
the last rainstorm hit northwest Syria, many camps were damaged and left the families without a shelter as well as the mud has blocked the movements,
This suffering hasn’t happened once this year; it’s every year suffering; it’s gaining year after year,
Away from the world, every tent hides a story behind it
Faces of children and elders telling hundreds of tragic stories as residue from alienation and torment
40 team of Independent Doctors Association, they work to improve the health of children and women through repeated visits to camps,
In the photos, a part of the community health team visit the random camps located near the Syrian Turkish borders,
Khadija, a team leader of the IDA community health team, says:
We visit camps to follow up on children and women’s health no matter how difficult it is to reach them. We provide supplementary feeding and spread awareness among the IDPs,
We feel sad because we could not move them to better places and not provide for their needs. I’ve seen children freezing from cold during my visits,
It’s difficult to describe how hard their life is,
I wish I could have the resources to make their lives like any normal children and ask myself, what if I were in their parents’ shoes? What a feeling I would try when I’m helpless to make their life better?!!


2020 ends

As 2020 ends, people in camps in the northern countryside of Aleppo are living in basic conditions. Hoping to return to their places of origin amidst a severe lack of services. Families in the camp are barely able to make ends meet due to inflation, loss of purchasing power, and depletion of their financial resources after years of conflict and displacement. As the cold weather sets in, they are left increasingly unable to provide their children most basic needs, including winter clothes, relying on burning plastic waste and tree twigs to cook and fend off the cold.